TelegramTwitterphoneInstagramYouTubeFacebook
The history of the word "Ombudsman"

The word “Ombudsman” is now understood as a “human rights defender” in developed and developing countries. The word comes from Swedish and means "representative". At first he served under the king of Sweden. Later, after the formation of parliament, in 1809 he moved to parliament.

If we study history closely, we can see that the Swedish king learned this experience from the work of muhtasibs working in Islamic countries. The muhtasibs acted according to the rules of Islam and Sharia and performed the function of control.

When the Kingdom of Sweden was attacked in the 17th century, the king was forced to flee to the territory of modern Turkey. Under the protection of the Turkish Sultan, he observed people who protect the rights of citizens of the country, control the established procedures. He later returned to his homeland and introduced this system in his country under the name "Ombudsman", which became popular in Europe.

For example, in the diary of the visit of the Ambassador of Spain Clavijo to Amir Temur it is said that when Timur gave the assignment, there were leaders who did not complete it in time, and people who informed them about this shortcoming. Clavijo also noted a small episode that such leaders who did not deal with civil appeals were personally punished by Amir Temur in public. In this example, we see that Amir Temur was a staunch opponent of those who committed human rights violations.

The Institute of the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis for Human Rights (Ombudsman) was established in 1995. This institute was one of the first in the CIS to be established in Uzbekistan.

Creation of the institution of the Ombudsman in Uzbekistan

The Institute of the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis for Human Rights (Ombudsman) was established in 1995. This institute was one of the first in the CIS to be established in Uzbekistan.

Rashidova Sayyora Sharafovna

Rashidova Sayyora Sharafovna

Commission on Human Rights of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Ombudsman) 1995-2015 yy.

Muxammadiyev Ulugbek  Nasriddinovich

Muxammadiyev Ulugbek Nasriddinovich

Commission on Human Rights of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Ombudsman) 2015-2021 years

Eshmatova   Feruza    Farxodovna

Eshmatova Feruza Farxodovna

Commission on Human Rights of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Ombudsman)

At the eighth session of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan on April 24, 1997, the Law "On the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis for Human Rights (Ombudsman)" was adopted.

According to the Law, the Authorized Person for Human Rights exercises his powers independently of state bodies and officials and is accountable to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The Authorized Person is elected by the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for a term of five years.

Basic principles of the representative's activity:
Legitimacy
Legitimacy
Justice
Justice
Democracy
Democracy
Humanity
Humanity
Transparency
Transparency
Openness to every person
Openness to every person
The rights of the representative in the consideration of complaints:
International cooperation

The development of international cooperation in the field of human rights is an important area of activity of the Authorized Person for Human Rights. This activity includes participation in the preparation of reports of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the implementation of international agreements of the UN and OSCE, membership in international and regional organizations, development of multilateral relations with foreign Ombudsmen, participation in international forums, reception of foreign delegations by considering appeals of international organizations and foreign colleagues.

The Authorized Person is a member of the International Ombudsman Institute, the European Ombudsman Institute and the Asian Ombudsman Association.

The Ombudsman has signed over 10 cooperation agreements with foreign Ombudsmen, including Sweden, Spain, Portugal, Poland, South Korea, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Latvia, Russia, Japan, Thailand, France and Azerbaijan.

 

The Ombudsman Institute has a "B" status in the international arena
Миллий инсон ҳуқуқларини ҳимоя қилиш муассасаларининг Глобал альянси (МИҲҲҚМГА) 1993 йилдан буён жаҳондаги мажуд Омбудсман институтлари салоҳиятини баҳолаш бўйича фаолият юритади.

Миллий инсон ҳуқуқларини ҳимоя қилиш муассасаларининг Глобал альянси (МИҲҲҚМГА) 1993 йилдан буён жаҳондаги мажуд Омбудсман институтлари салоҳиятини баҳолаш бўйича фаолият юритади.

It should be noted that in 2020 the Global Alliance accredited the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis for Human Rights (Ombudsman) in accordance with the Paris Principles and assigned him the “B” status.

It should be noted that in 2020 the Global Alliance accredited the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis for Human Rights (Ombudsman) in accordance with the Paris Principles and assigned him the “B” status.